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2009年 07月 04日
ブロガーの皆さん、YouTube Reporter's Centerで勉強して市民ジャーナリストになろう！
YouTube: Reporter's Center
Katie Couric on how to conduct a good interview
--Hey YouTube! I'm Tony Maciulis. I'm a producer here for CBS Evening News. And I have a pleasure of working with Katie Couric on a very regular basis...
--It's a "pleasure." And you're obviously known for your interview skills. So, there is this new channel at YouTube called "Reporter's Center." And they wanted us to ask you, just to ask you a few questions, about what makes a good interview.
--So, maybe the first question would be what makes somebody a good interviewer.
"Oh, I think it is really important, Tony, to be a gracious host, because I think the more comfortable you make someone feel, the better interview you ultimately get. So, I know that in terms of body language, I always try to be very warm and welcoming, and I think it is really critical to put someone at ease. I think also you have to calibrate your tone depending on what interview you're doing. If I'm talking with David Duke about, you know, anti-Semitism or racism, obviously I'll have a very different tone of being much more pugnacious than I would be when I'm talking to someone who may have suffered from personal tragedies. So I think it's really important to be very empathetic in some cases and then to know when you're gonna be loaded for bear and really try to, uh, listen to important information from someone who may be a bit oily or not direct in answering your questions."
--How do you prepare for an interview?
"Well, I try to do a combination of explaining what I can in the body of the question without going on and on. And I try to ask questions obviously that don't require yes or no answer because that's a disaster, because you left a kind of a lot of dead air. And depending on whom I'm talking to, I fashion my questions that way, and I sometimes go through them and I think how would this person be likely to answer this, and what would be an appropriate follow up, and knowing what they've said in previous interviews, or their positions on various issues, I think how I can go with this in another way. Sometimes it happens spontaneously obviously, but someone doesn't answer your questions. But, other times, I think you can predict appropriate follow up questions. "
--It might sound a little bit "Captain Obvious." But listening is probably really important.
"Very, very. Nothing is worth for me that as a viewer to watch someone go down to laundry list of questions, and not explore something with a little more depth after someone has answered the question already, to not pick up on something, maybe inconsistency, or something that may be news and follow up on that and you start as a springboard to go into a whole different area. I think you need to use your questions as a sort of a template, but you have to be willing to listen as you said, Tony, and really bear off to totally different direction. I cannot stand with the people don't have that ability to do that--I'm like uuuuh! It makes me crazy!"
--That thing said that you have preferred an interview to go pretty far by yourself, on you are sitting there like ...aieee..., things like that...
"Yeah, you know it is hard. Sometimes people freeze, sometimes they are just cranky. I had an actor whom I interviewed, who shall remain nameless, who just didn't want to be bothered, it really annoyed me because I was giving him a lot of time on national television, and he clearly didn't want to be there. But, one member of the Flying Wallendas--I know, why was I interviewing them? This woman answered every question with monoslovic answer and it was very frustrating to kind of get her to elaborate. And Bobcat Goldthwait, a comedian, I sort of missed the memo that he screams, so I kept asking him "Why are you yelling at me?" and I didn't realize stupidly that that was a part of his shtick..."
--Did you know who he was?
"Really embarrassing...! I was a kind of new, a little bit about who he was. But, now I certainly know all about him."
--I'm sure you do. Hard way, right? Now, you've learned about Bobcat.
--Any last minute tips that you wanna give to people anything that anybody's starting out the business by own and on...?
"I think you should remember whom you are serving--your audience, you're trying to inform them, you're trying to illuminate a certain subject to enlighten people, and I think you need to keep that in mind, this is a self-angrandizing exercise about how much you know, it's not an opportunity for "Got your moment!" I think it's really to shed some light on how someone thinks and their positions, and to allow them to communicate. And I think if you allow your interview subject to communicate whatever message he or she might have at that moment, then you've done an effective job."
--Thank you so much, Katie. It's a time for me to get back to the other side of camera where I belong...
"I like you here, Tony!"
--Oh, well. Maybe I feel it pretty comfortable being here, it's like... Anyway, ...
"Why don't we switch the places?"
--Yeah. Exactly. I don't think it's gonna happen anytime soon, but you surely check out Katie's YouTube Channel, it's youtube.com/KatieCouric. Thanks for watching.
by raphie | 2009-07-04 16:38